The Cyclone-2 payload capability to medium and elliptical orbits was limited. That is why Yuzhnoye proposed to develop a three-stage launch vehicle, on the basis of the 8K69 missile, to launch Tselina, Meteor, etc. spacecraft.

Configuration: tandem.

The Cyclone-3 delivers spacecraft weighing up to 4000 kg into low and medium circular and elliptical orbits.

The Cyclone-3’s third stage was designed in a pressurized (‘ampulized’) version based on the Yuzhnoye’s engine capable of dual burn in zero gravity.

The launch vehicle was operated from Plesetsk launch site, Russia.

The first launch was performed on June 24, 1977.

The last launch occurred in January 2009. 122 launches were conducted in all, 117 of which successful.

Basic Specifications

Number of stages

3

Dimensions, mm:

Length

Stage diameter 

Payload fairing diameter

 

39 300

3 000

2 700

Launch weight (for a 3.6-ton payload), tons

189

Propellants:

Oxidizer

Fuel

 

NTO

UDMH

Thrust, tnf:

Stage 1

Stage 2

Stage 3

 

303,2

101,5

7,96

Payload capability to circular and elliptical orbits, up to, tons

4

 
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