For the first time in rocket engineering, a space launch system featured a fully automated launch operations cycle, which was the result of large amount of research and development work. The Cyclone-2 is a lightweight launch vehicle for delivering payloads into low circular and elliptical Earth orbits, including open orbits.

Yuzhnoye designed the Cyclone-2 based on the 8K69 missile. The specific characteristics of the Cyclone-2 are high reliability and an automated-launch capability at any time of day in any weather.

The first launch of the Cyclone-2 occurred on August 6, 1969 from Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan; the last one, in June 2006. The Cyclone-2 holds a unique record in rocketry: all 106 launches of this launch vehicle were successful.

Basic Specifications

Number of stages

2

Dimensions, mm:

Length

Stage diameter 

Payload fairing diameter

 

39 000

3 000

2 200

Launch weight (for a 3.2-ton payload), tons

183

Propellants:

Oxidizer

Fuel

 

NTO

UDMH

Vacuum thrust, tnf:

Stage 1

Stage 2

 

303,2

101,5

Payload capability, tons

1,5-5

 
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